How Does Gum Disease Start?

January 10th, 2014 → 7:39 pm @

Some people may assume that brushing and flossing are necessary only to stop tooth decay. However, sound oral hygiene habits are vital to prevent gum disease as well. Gum disease can develop without noticeable side effects, which makes this condition a dangerous one. Without professional intervention, gum disease can cause gums to recede, destabilize teeth, and erode bone. Knowing how gum disease starts can help you stop it in its initial stages.

Oral Hygiene Neglect
Good at-home oral hygiene is fundamental for dental health. The mouth houses countless bacteria that linger on teeth and gums. Each time you eat a meal, these bacteria scour for sugar particles on which they feed. The end product of this process is an acidic substance that clings to tooth enamel. Consistent brushing and flossing are necessary for the removal of this substance. Oral hygiene neglect may result in the buildup of bacteria, food debris, and acidic byproducts.

Plaque Buildup
Plaque is the name given to the bacteria and food particles that accumulate on teeth. In the absence of good oral hygiene, plaque can remain on teeth and harden with time. Plaque that has settled on teeth can transform into tartar, a highly durable material that is resistant to brushing and flossing.

Gum Tissue Inflammation
When plaque and tartar are present on teeth, the gums react with irritation. The resulting inflammation may produce mild tenderness. The gums may also bleed when brushed or flossed. The longer that the gums remain in a state of inflammation, the more likely that they are to detach from nearby teeth. Gum recession can make it easier for bacteria to enter the spaces between teeth and gum tissue, where they can cause infection. Loss of gum tissue can also lead to tooth loss.

Mild to moderate gum disease can be treated with professional dental care. To safeguard your teeth and gums from the dangers of gum disease, call Sanford Dental Excellence at (407) 268-6409. Our non-surgical gum treatment procedures can address gum disease complications and restore your gum health.

More from Sanford Dental Excellence: Non-Surgical Gum Treatment, gum disease, sanford dental excellence

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